使用POI导出Excel自适应列宽的实现

2018/09/19 问题一箩筐

使用POI导出Excel时,涉及到如何自适应列宽的问题。方法如下

/**
 * 下载excel文件,内容使用MAP存放
 * 
 * @param response
 * @param headName
 * @param tableHead
 * @param tableBody
 * @throws IOException
 */
public static void downloadExcelMap(HttpServletResponse response, String headName, List<String> tableHead,
        List<Map<Object, Object>> tableBody) throws IOException {
    headName=StringUtils.replaceAllSpecial(headName);
    // 1:创建一个workbook
    HSSFWorkbook workbook = new HSSFWorkbook();

    // 创建样式
    HSSFCellStyle style = workbook.createCellStyle();
    Font font = workbook.createFont();
    font.setBoldweight(Font.BOLDWEIGHT_BOLD); // 粗体
    style.setFont(font);
    style.setAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER); // 水平居中
    style.setVerticalAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.VERTICAL_CENTER); // 垂直居中
    style.setBorderTop((short) 1);
    style.setBorderBottom((short) 1);
    style.setBorderLeft((short) 1);
    style.setBorderRight((short) 1);
    style.setWrapText(true);

    // 设置合计样式
    HSSFCellStyle style1 = workbook.createCellStyle();
    style1.setAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER); // 水平居中
    style1.setVerticalAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.VERTICAL_CENTER); // 垂直居中
    style1.setBorderTop((short) 1);
    style1.setBorderBottom((short) 1);
    style1.setBorderLeft((short) 1);
    style1.setBorderRight((short) 1);
    style.setWrapText(true);

    HSSFSheet sheet = (HSSFSheet) workbook.createSheet(headName);
    // 2:合并单元格,表头。并设置值
    CellRangeAddress cra = new CellRangeAddress(0, 0, 0, tableHead.size() - 1);
    sheet.addMergedRegion(cra);
    HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow(0);
    HSSFCell tableName = row.createCell(0);
    tableName.setCellStyle(style);
    tableName.setCellValue(headName);

    //存储最大列宽
    Map<Integer,Integer> maxWidth = new HashMap<Integer,Integer>();
    
    // 3:设置表head
    HSSFRow row1 = sheet.createRow(1);
    for (int i = 0; i < tableHead.size(); i++) {
        Cell createCell = row1.createCell(i);
        createCell.setCellValue(tableHead.get(i));
        createCell.setCellStyle(style);
        maxWidth.put(i,createCell.getStringCellValue().getBytes().length  * 256 + 200);
    }
    // 4:表格内容
    for (int i = 0; i < tableBody.size(); i++) {
        HSSFRow rows = sheet.createRow(i + 2);
        int j = 0;
        for (Map.Entry<Object, Object> entry : tableBody.get(i).entrySet()) {
            HSSFCell createCell = rows.createCell(j);
            if(PropertyUtil.objectNotEmpty(entry.getValue())){
                createCell.setCellValue(entry.getValue().toString());
            }else{
                createCell.setCellValue("");
            }
            int length = createCell.getStringCellValue().getBytes().length  * 256 + 200;
            //这里把宽度最大限制到15000
            if (length>15000){
                length = 15000;
            }
            maxWidth.put(j,Math.max(length,maxWidth.get(j)));
            j++;
            createCell.setCellStyle(style1);
        }
    }
    
    // 列宽自适应
    for (int i = 0; i < tableHead.size(); i++) {
        sheet.setColumnWidth(i,maxWidth.get(i));
    }

    // 5:设置头
    response.setHeader("Content-disposition",
            "attachment; filename=" + new String(headName.getBytes("GB2312"), "ISO8859-1") + ".xls");
    // 6:设置头类型
    response.setContentType("application/vnd.ms-excel");
    
    // 7:写出
    OutputStream toClient = response.getOutputStream();
    workbook.write(toClient);
    toClient.flush();
    toClient.close();

}

注意:以上代码有15000的限制,原因是Excel限制最大宽度为15000。所以,在这里我们除了这个宽度处理外,还需要设置单元格自动换行

style.setWrapText(true);

简书相关

Search

    欢迎关注我的微信公众号

    Yannis的程序人生

    Table of Contents